You’re interviewing for a UI Developer position and want to be prepared with the right questions. Here are some of the most common interview questions you might get asked, along with tips on how to answer them.
This is an article about UI Developer Interview Questions that gives specific examples of what you might expect when going through an interview process so that you can prepare accordingly.
1. What does a UI Developer do?
Ans. UI Developers are responsible for designing and building the user interfaces of web-based applications, mobile apps, or desktop programs.
2. What is a typical day like as a UI Developer?
Ans. A UI Developer’s workday can vary depending on their position at the company. They might create wireframes from scratch to help customers envision an idea without investing too much time in it, they could be working with developers to build out their designs into prototypes that can then be used by testers for feedback before going live, or they could even provide ongoing support through troubleshooting problems once production has gone live.
3. How is a UI developer different from a UX developer?
Ans. A UI Developer’s main focus is designing and building the user interface, while a UX developer focuses on improving the overall experience of using an application.
4. What are some skills required to be a UI Developer?
Ans. Skills that help land this kind of job vary but usually include:
– Working knowledge of cross-browser compatibility for web applications (IE vs Chrome)
– Having built interactive prototypes in Adobe After Effects, Flash Professional or Unity Pro Editor software
– Experience working with Adobe Creative Suite (Photoshop, Illustrator) and/or Sketch
– Strong graphic design skills, with a good understanding of typography and layout techniques.
5. What is the difference between front-end and back-end development?
Ans. Front-End Development refers to all of the parts of coding for the client side where you can see what’s going on in your browser. Back End Development deals more with server technologies like PHP or Ruby on Rails.
6. What is a responsive website?
Ans. In short, it’s a website that automatically resizes and re-flows according to the size of your browser window.
Tips: If you are not sure how to answer certain questions then do some research ahead time by researching existing UI Developers in order to think about what their jobs might entail. You should also consider doing mock interviews with friends so that you’re more comfortable around them when going into an interview! Having a list of design principles handy will help give examples for answering difficult questions too.
7. How do you reduce page load time?
Ans. There are a few ways to make your webpage load more quickly by changing the size of images, reducing how many scripts and files you’re including on each page load, and using CSS Sprites.
UI Developer Technical Questions
8. What is HTML?
Ans. HTML is the term for Hypertext Markup Language, a programming language that provides the basic document structure to build web pages.
9. What are HTML Tags?
Ans. HTML tags are used to define the structure and content of a web page’s code.
Some of the basic HTML Tags:
– Paragraphs: p
– Lists: ol, ul
– Headings and titles: hx, hxx
– Links or hyperlinks to other pages on the site or outside of it: A tag with an href attribute.
– Text: A tag with a text, title and/or class attribute.
10. Differentiate HTML from XHTML.
Ans. HTML is the oldest markup language and has changed significantly since its inception. XHTML, on the other hand, is a standardized version of HTML that doesn’t allow for any deprecated or invalid tags which can cause errors in browsers.
11. State the difference between <div> and <span> tags.
Ans. Read the answer here: Difference between DIV and Span
12. Why should you know your HTML basics if designing UI features?
Ans. Knowing how HTML works allows designers to understand what they’re working with when building or designing websites/web applications from scratch! They also need this knowledge because many front-end frameworks like Bootstrap work by layering in custom styles onto existing structures rather than starting from scratch every time. This way, designers can make changes that will automatically be reflected on all pages without having to touch any back-end coding themselves.
13. What is an HTML element?
Ans. It can be thought of as one part of web page content – for example, text or images – which has its own unique code tag which marks where it begins and ends on the webpage.
14. What is Semantic HTML?
Ans. Semantic HTML is a type of coding that uses more meaningful tags to identify content than traditional, it is also called as presentational markup.
15. Does HTML require a compiler?
Ans. HTML doesn’t require a compiler and is considered an interpreted language, which means that it’s parsed by the browser as if written in plain text.
16. What is web accessibility?
Ans. Web accessibility refers to designing a website in such a way that it is accessible and usable for people with disabilities.
17. What is CSS?
Ans. CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets, and is a markup language used to create the styles of any web page.
18. What are some CSS properties you might use?
Ans. Some common values of CSS include font-family, color, and text-align which provide formatting options specific to your HTML page.
19. What are some Advantages of CSS?
Ans. Here are some of the advantages of CSS:
– CSS styles can be applied to multiple elements on a page with one line of code.
– It is an external style sheet, so another programmer doesn’t have to touch the HTML and make changes in order for your site’s design/layout to change.
– CSS is easier to make changes to than HTML, so if you want a design change, it’s much faster and less hassled.
20. What is a CSS property?
Ans. CSS properties are the styles that you can set on elements in your HTML page to change how they look.
21. Explain what CSS Sprites are?
Ans. CSS Sprites combine multiple images into one larger image so that when you use the CSS background-position property, you can use a single image. This helps reduce page load time because there are fewer images being loaded with each new web page.
22. What does an ID attribute do?
Ans. The ID attribute assigns one unique identifier (ID) from all other tags with the same class and applies certain style rules specifically for it. This will be discussed later in the article.
23. What are CSS selectors?
Ans. Selector refers to a tag on an HTML page that tells a browser which part of your code should apply certain styling rules. It does this with attributes like class, id, and ids-class. You can have as many tags as you want all calling for different style properties.
24. What is a CSS reset?
Ans. A CSS reset is a way to remove the default style of all elements, so that you can then define your own. It ensures that there’s no browser- or operating system-specific font color and background issues happening on every page load
25. How can I add an ID attribute on my tag?
Ans. You can assign one unique identifier (ID) from all other tags with the same class by adding an ID attribute to your tag.
26. What does SASS stand for?
Ans. Sass stands for Syntactically Awesome Stylesheet. It is an extension of CSS that adds nested rules, variables and mixins.
27. What are the benefits of using SASS?
Ans. Sass provides a more convenient way to write your stylesheets by adding features such as operators, nesting, inheritance, and color functions – all without sacrificing speed or efficiency! Sass also creates cleaner code because it allows you to declare what styles should be applied where.
28. What are Sass & LESS?
Ans. Sass and LESS are programming languages that allow developers to write CSS in an easier format with more features as well as having many built-in functions for things like typography and color schemes. They’re also called preprocessors because they compile into regular CSS stylesheets when saved – unlike writing code directly within HTML tags which would only be interpreted by browsers.
31. What do you need to know about cross-browser compatibility?
Ans. You should always be aware of how your website looks across different browsers because some might render it differently than others due to inconsistencies with CSS or other browser limitations like Java Script support. It’s important to test your site on each type of web browser during development so that you don’t have any major issues when it goes live!
32. State the differences between inline, block and inline-block?
Ans. Inline is the default style for text on a web page and can be used to put in content that won’t break its flow.
Block will create an area of space around your text which makes it more readable because you don’t have words running into other ones when they are too close together – this can also help with spacing issues where one paragraph has already been formatted as block while others need to be left inline, so there’s room between each paragraph.
Inline-blocks are like blocks but instead of creating white space above and below them the way blocks do, they allow individual lines of text to float next to each other without breaking their alignment with adjacent lines.
33. what are floats?
Ans. Floats are a way to align content next to each other. They’re typically used in image galleries where you might have two images side by side and they’ll appear as one, with an empty space on either the left or right-hand side of the second item depending on how the first has been styled.
34. What does progressive enhancement mean?
35. What is a WYSIWYG editor?
Ans. WYSIWYG stands for “What You See Is What You Get”. A WYSIWYG editor is a type of program that lets you write and edit content directly in the browser. This means you can see what your text will look like on web pages as you’re creating it, without having to use multiple programs and open them in various tabs and windows to see what it might look like this can th used